A Brief Guide To Resumes, CVs, and Cover Letters

Introduction to Curriculum Vitae(CV), Resume and Cover Letter

Do you want to land your favorite job? And, make a great first impression on the market? Also, to ace the first communication with your employer? Worry not; we have got you covered!

Your CV is your professional attire. The same is your resume. Oh, wait! Did you think that I got it wrong because my CV and resume are the same? But let me tell you, my friend! They appear to be the same, but actually, they are not. There are some slight differences between the two. Although both are marketing tools that help to sell your services. However, cover letters are your writing skills. Apart from introducing your personal interests, professional background, and expectations and interests from the job you are applying to, cover letters give insight into your convincing and writing skills.

Resume vs CV

  • A resume is a French word that means “to summarize,” while a Curriculum Vitae is a Latin word meaning “account of my life.”
  • A resume is only a summary of all the relevant educational qualifications and job experiences of a candidate. Whereas a CV is a complete list of all the degrees and jobs ever done or taken by the candidate.
  • Write a CV in the form of paragraphs but not a resume.
  • We don’t use personal pronouns “I” and “my” in a resume, but we do in a CV.
  • A CV includes personal information such as marital status, height, weight, hobbies, personal interests, but a resume doesn’t.
  • A resume should be 1 to 1.5 pages, while a CV has no length limit.
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A resume should be attractive and impressive while highlighting plus points. A thing to remember is never to make a false claim in your resume (CV too).

NOTE: Electronic job applicant’s tracking systems scan resumes with keywords and skims, usually 3-30 seconds. Thus they decide whether to call the applicant for an interview or not.

There are 3 kinds of resumes:

  • standard chronological
  • functional
  • combination

Generally, we use the standard chronological resume. It has the following sections in the respective order:

  • Name
  • Address
  • Contact
  • E-mail

The above sections are not in the form of heading.

  • Objective (brief)
  • Work experience: It has a designation, name of the company, time period. Add achievements and awards. Use bullet points.

If the candidate is a fresh graduate, he can add his internships or volunteer work experiences. But if he doesn’t have either of them, he must exclude work experience and go directly to educational qualifications.

  • Qualification: It includes degree, institution, and time period. The order is from a recent degree to a former degree.
  • Diplomas/ Courses (not added in qualification)
  • Personal Background: It consists of exceptional skills or achievements like computer expertise, command of languages, distinctions, etc.
  • References: Write that they must be provided on request.

Write a functional resume if you are not properly educated but have skills.

A combination resume combines both functional and standard chronological resumes and it is repetitive and long.

A resume has these styles or formats:

  • contemporary
  • professional
  • elegant
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Curriculum Vitae

Curriculum Vitae (CV)

Write a CV with the same pattern as a resume but keep in mind the differences.

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To land interview to your dream job, make an impression with a cover letter.

Read: CV vs Resume

Cover Letter

Only mention your resume in cover letter not your CV. There are two types of cover letters:

  • Solicited (when applying for a specific job, when you know the job vacancy is available)
  • Prospecting (when dropping your resume everywhere)

A solicited cover letter has three sections:

  • Opening section: write the job you aim to apply for and how you did come to know about it.
  • Middle section: write 2-3 reasons why you are the best candidate for this job.
  • Closing section: write a reference to the interview in some way.

Follow these guidelines and land your dream job interview, my friend! Good Luck!


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